DACA Survey Results
This survey from Wong et. al, specifically focuses on DACA recipients. DACA recipients are individuals younger than 35 who were brought into this country as minors and who have applied for and become a part of the DACA (Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals) program.
Below are some of the findings from that survey:
1. DACA recipients have benefitted financially from the program. Seven in ten say that they have been able to earn more money which has helped their family financially, and that they have been able to become more financially indepenedent.
2. Other benefits that DACA recipients have experienced are: getting jobs with better pay, getting a credit card, buying a car, opening a bank account, getting a job with health insurance or other benefits, and more
3. Over 90% of DACA recipients surveyed are currently employed. While less than 44% were employed before they received DACA.
4. Being a DACA recipient has allowed these individuals to pursue more educational opportunities.Over six-in-ten (65%) DACA recipients pursued educational opportunitites that they previously could not. Another third of the DACA recipients surveyed say that they plan to pursue more education.
5. Almost 45% of DACA recipients are currently in school. The majority of DACA recipients who are in school are pursuing a bacheolors degree (52.5%) while two-in-ten are pursuing an associates degree (19.4%), and just over one-in-ten are pursuing a masters degree.
6. Looking at DACA recipients overall, a quarter have a High School Diploma, another quarter have attended some college, and just under another quarter have a bachelors degree.
7. Many DACA recipients have used DACA to: get a driver's license for the first time (79.7%), get a state identification card for the first time (55.1%), become an organ donor (48.7%), and donate blood (17.8%)
8. Looking to demographic features of the DACA population surveyed, over seven-in-ten (72.7%) have an immediate family member who is an American citizen. More specifically, almost six-in-ten (58.9%) have a sibling who is an American citizen, a quarter (25.7%) have a child who is an American citizen, and 16.6% have a spouse who is an American citizen.
*The specific family member numbers add up to more than 72.7% because individual DACA recipients may have multiple family members who are American citizens.
9. Almost half (44.6%) of DACA recipients have an immediate family member who is an American citizen who is 18 years or older. Over eight-in-ten of those family members of DACA recipients are registered to vote.
10. Demographically, the surveyed DACA recipients are between 16 years old and 35 years old (this falls into the legal requirements). These individuals were brought into the United States aged 0 to 15 with a plurality coming in around the age of three.
11. Finally, a vast majority of the DACA recipients surveyed were Hispanic/Latino (92.6%)
The questionnaire was administered to an online panel of DACA recipients recruited by the partner organizations. Several steps were taken to account for the known sources of bias that result from such online panels. To prevent ballot stuffing—one person submitting multiple responses—the authors did not offer an incentive to respondents for taking the questionnaire and used a state-of-the-art online survey platform that does not allow one IP address to submit multiple responses. To prevent spoiled ballots— meaning people responding who are not undocumented—the authors used a unique validation test for undocumented status. Multiple questions were asked about each respondent’s migratory history. These questions were asked at different parts of the questionnaire. When repeated, the questions were posed using different wording. If there was agreement in the answers such that there was consistency regarding the respondent’s migratory history, the respondent was kept in the resulting pool of respondents. If not, the respondent was excluded. In order to recruit respondents outside of the networks of the partner organizations, Facebook ads were also used. Because there is no phone book of undocumented immigrants, and given the nature of online opt-in surveys, it is not possible to construct a valid margin of error.
*The original survey can be found here