Climate change is a looming problem for the world. However, many people struggle to understand the true impact of climate change because the terms are difficult to understand in real terms - how will this affect my country? my state? my community? me? The National Climate Assessment breaks down the effects of clim...
Climate change is a looming problem for the world. However, many people struggle to understand the true impact of climate change because the terms are difficult to understand in real terms - how will this affect my country? my state? my community? me?
The National Climate Assessment breaks down the effects of climate change into specific regions of the United States. This article specifically focuses on coastal regions. It finds some key changes in coastal regions due to climate change:
Coastal Lifelines at Risk: Coastal lifelines, such as water supply and energy infrastructure and evacuation routes, are increasingly vulnerable to higher sea levels and storm surges, inland flooding, erosion, and other climate-related changes.
Economic Disruption: Nationally important assets, such as ports, tourism, and fishing sites, in already-vulnerable coastal locations, are increasingly exposed to sea level rise and related hazards. This threatens to disrupt economic activity within coastal areas and the regions they serve and results in significant costs from protecting or moving these assets.
Uneven Social Vulnerability: Socioeconomic disparities create uneven exposures and sensitivities to growing coastal risks and limit adaptation options for some coastal communities, resulting in the displacement of the most vulnerable people from coastal areas.
Vulnerable Ecosystems: Coastal ecosystems are particularly vulnerable to climate change because many have already been dramatically altered by human stresses; climate change will result in further reduction or loss of the services that these ecosystems provide, including potentially irreversible impacts.
The State of Coastal Adaptation: Leaders and residents of coastal regions are increasingly aware of the high vulnerability of coasts to climate change and are developing plans to prepare for potential impacts on citizens, businesses, and environmental assets. Significant institutional, political, social, and economic obstacles to implementing adaptation actions remain.