Amid a recent upsurge in support for a national job guarantee program, L. Randall Wray, Stephanie A. Kelton, Pavlina R. Tcherneva, Scott Fullwiler, and Flavia Dantas outline a new proposal for a federally funded program with decentralized administration. Their Public Service Employment (PSE) program would offer a job, paying a uniform living wage with a basic benefits package—to all who are ready and willing to work. In advance of an upcoming report detailing the economic impact of the PSE, this policy note presents an overview of the goals and structure of the program in the context of current labor market trends and the prospects of poverty reduction.
Research and Reports
This study from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention looks at sexual activity trends in teenagers.
It finds that 42% of the female teenagers and 44% of the male teenagers had had sexual intercourse at the time of the interview. Overall, "Longer-term trends, from 1988 to 2011–2015, show declines in the percentage of teenagers who were sexually experienced." In addition, the study looked at contraceptive use, the type of relationship that exists when the teen had sex for the first time, the teen's attitudes towards becoming or getting their partner pregnant, and how each of those factors influences the earliness, frequency, and safety of teen sexual activity.
Many Republicans have lauded school choice for a number of years. In fact, the new administration's Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos has strongly supported school choice.
As the new administration addresses education in the United States, it is important to understand what they mean when they say "School Choice." This fact sheet outlines the different types of school choice programs and delves into the successes and failures of some of those programs in states that have adopted school choice.
This fact sheet looks at some questions and facts about climate change. These questions include:
1) What are climate change and global warming?
2) What causes climate change and global warming?
3) What is the basic scientific proof of climate change?
4) What will happen as a result of climate change?
5) How will climate change affect me?
Climate change is one of the most important issues in our generation. Without significant changes to our carbon emissions, we run the risk of changing the world as we know it. As we discuss political issues with individuals who may or may not agree with us about this issue, it is important to enter those discussions armed with the facts.
This paper from the Center for Economic Policy Research compares the performance of the Mexican economy with that of the rest of the region and with its own economic performance, over the 23 years since NAFTA took effect, based on the available economic and social indicators. Among the results, it finds that Mexico ranks 15th out of 20 Latin American countries in growth of real GDP per person, the most basic economic measure of living standards; Mexico’s poverty rate in 2014 was higher than the poverty rate of 1994; and real (inflation-adjusted) wages were almost the same in 2014 as in 1994. It also notes that if NAFTA had been successful in restoring Mexico’s pre-1980 growth rate — when developmentalist economic policies were the norm — Mexico today would be a high-income country, with income per person comparable to Western European countries. If not for Mexico’s long-term economic failure, including the 23 years since NAFTA, it is unlikely that immigration from Mexico would have become a major political issue in the United States, since relatively few Mexicans would seek to cross the border.